Solar panels with sun and clouds reflection

How Solar Works

The overall process of how solar works involves capturing sunlight (the sun’s radiation) and converting the radiation into usable electricity through various technologies.

Following is a brief overview of how solar power works:

Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Cells:

Solar panels, also known as photovoltaic (PV) cells, are the primary components in solar power systems. These panels are made up of semiconductor materials, such as silicon, which can generate an electric current when exposed to sunlight.

The Photovoltaic Process:

When sunlight (photons) strikes the surface of the solar panels, it excites the electrons in the semiconductor material. This excitation creates an electric current as electrons flow through the material.

Electric Current Conversion:

Solar panels produce direct current (DC) and therefore, the current must be converted to alternating current (AC).  An inverter is used for this process. Most appliances as well as the electrical grid use AC power, so the inverter is necessary for making the electricity generated by solar panels compatible with standard electrical systems.

Electricity Consumption or Grid Connection:

The converted AC electricity can be used to power electrical devices and appliances directly within the property. If excess electricity is generated, it can be fed back into the grid if the system is grid-tied (most systems are grid-tied), allowing for compensation or credit from the utility company.

To Battery or Not to Battery?

Stay tuned for our next blog post on 11/28/23 which will discuss adding optional battery storage to capture and use excess electricity instead of feeding it back to the grid.

Learn more about how solar can work for you or your business by giving SVE a call at 678.833.5151 or email so we can explore the best option for your unique situation.

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